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Aquaporin-4 in health and autoimmune diseases - Cell Reports, June 2019

Aquaporin-4 in health and autoimmune diseases - Cell Reports, June 2019

Aquaporin-4 surface trafficking regulates astrocytic process motility and synaptic activity in health and autoimmune disease

Astrocytes constantly adapt their ramified morphology in order to support brain cell assemblies. Such plasticity is partly mediated by ion and water fluxes, which rely on the water channel aquaporin-4 (AQP4). The mechanism by which this channel locally contributes to process dynamics has remained elusive. Using a combination of single-molecule and calcium imaging approaches, we here investigated in hippocampal astrocytes the dynamic distribution of the AQP4 isoforms M1 and M23. Surface AQP4-M1 formed small aggregates that contrast with the large AQP4-M23 clusters that are enriched near glutamatergic synapses. Strikingly, stabilizing surface AQP4-M23 tuned the motility of astrocyte processes and favors glutamate synapse activity. Furthermore, human autoantibodies directed against AQP4 from neuromyelitis optica (NMO) patients impaired AQP4-M23 dynamic distribution and, consequently, astrocyte process and synaptic activity. Collectively, it emerges that the membrane dynamics of AQP4 isoform regulate brain cell assemblies in health and autoimmune brain disease targeting AQP4.

- Cell Reports 2019 Jun 25;27(13):3860-3872.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.05.097 - Silvia Ciappelloni, Delphine Bouchet, Nadège Dubourdieu, Eric Boué-Grabot, Blanka Kellermayer, Constance Manso, Romain Marignier, Stéphane H.R. Oliet, Thomas Tourdias* and Laurent Groc*
*These authors share seniority
- Contact: Laurent Groc